The discovery of penicillin one of the greatest breakthroughs in medicine. After returning from vacation, Alexander Fleming lifted the lids from some old Petri dishes and saw that the bacteria he had produced were being destroyed by a mold that he later identified as penicillin. He referred to penicillin as an “antibiotic” in his explanation. Nevertheless, Fleming lacked both the financial means and the physical resources necessary to go on with his study.
At the tail end of the 1930s, two physicists from Oxford named Ernst Chain and Howard Florey accepted the challenge. They were granted more funds by the government in 1939, which coincided with the beginning of the war. The issue was one of creating enough amount of penicillin. Just enough penicillin to cure four mice was created from the thousands of milk bottles’ worth of milk, yet the mice made a full recovery. In 1941, it was tried on a person for the first time, and even though he passed away before the penicillin could be used up, it was clear that the treatment was successful.
When the United States joined the war in 1941, the government of the United States provided $80,000,000 to finance research.
By 1943, large-scale production of penicillin had begun, and it continues to this day. penicillin one of the greatest breakthroughs in medicine. It was believed in 1945 that the United States Army was dispensing two million dosages every single month.
Penicillin was succeeded by several other antibiotics throughout the 1940s and 1950s. They have had a great deal of success in their battle against infection. On the other hand, health organizations all around the globe are making an effort to cut down on the usage of antibiotics, particularly for ailments that aren’t very severe. Antibiotics are being misused, which is reducing their effectiveness and contributing to the rise of drug-resistant bacteria known as superbugs.
Why is penicillin one of the greatest breakthroughs in medicine technology?
The discovery of penicillin was a significant advancement in medical science. The first efficient antibiotic that could be used to kill germs was penicillin, which was discovered in 1928. This indicated that it was feasible to treat major diseases even if the patient already had the condition being treated.
Penicillin was found during the 19th century, but it wasn’t until 1928 that Alexander Fleming understood the full scope of the antibiotic’s potential until then. During World War I, he observed that antiseptics did not appear to be able to prevent infection, particularly in particularly deep wounds. He decided to look for something that had the potential to eradicate the bacteria that were the root of infections such as septicemia. penicillin one of the greatest breakthroughs in medicine.